Growing Winter Crops

Winter Feed Crops: Management Before Grazing

This fact sheet focuses on good management practices. Good wintering practices will ensure that animals are adequately and cost-effectively fed whilst impacts on their welfare and the environment are minimised. Achieving these goals does however require attention to some important planning considerations.

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Top Tips for Crop Paddock Selection

Pasture renewal shouldn’t be top priority when selecting a winter crop paddock. Other factors to consider should include: reducing the risk of contaminant loss, maintaining animal welfare standards, and complying with regulations

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Planning (September to December)

Winter planning is crucial for setting up for a successful winter. Consider all the below aspects in the planning stage.

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DairyNZ

Setting up (January to April)

Setting up your winter grazing paddocks early will reduce the loss and movement of sediment in winter.

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DairyNZ

Planning for winter: Best options for deer and their environment

Things to consider on deer farms when planning winter crop grazing

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DINZ

Integrated pest management - Monitoring your brassica crops

Video - Monitor your brassicas crops to determine appropriate use of an integrated pest management system

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FAR - Foundation for Arable Research

Forage cropping management

A full winter forage crop growing and grazing guide intended to be filled in and added to a farm environmental management plan. 

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Beef and Lamb New Zealand

Break Fed Wintering

A guide to successful crop and pasture based wintering

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DairyNZ

Winter grazing/ Forage crop grazing

Good environmental outcomes require good environmental practice. Farmers are already doing some great work in the environment space, but there is still much to be done. Managing winter grazing so it has minimal impact on waterways is an area that can be addressed with some forward planning and simple management tweaks.

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Beef and Lamb New Zealand

Wintering feed systems for deer

A complete deer focused wintering page including planning, designing and operating a winter feeding system. This includes crop based wintering and feed pads

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DINZ

Fertiliser use on New Zealand Forage crops

A practical guide on forage crop soil fertility and fertiliser requirements

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Fertiliser Association of New Zealand

Grazing Winter Crops

Management and review (May to August)

Daily management and reviewing of your wintering practices ensures any gaps or issues identified can be actioned quickly and easily.

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DairyNZ

Intensive winter feeding: Minimising the environmental risk

Managing winter crop grazing on deer farms to minimise soil and nutrient losses in deer systems

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DINZ

Sustainable winter dairy grazing on arable farms

Winter dairy grazing provides good cash flow to arable farmers and is seen as a mitigation option for nutrient management by the dairy sector. This project collected information from farmers across the North and South Islands about the perceived risks and current management practices for winter grazing.

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FAR - Foundation for Arable Research

Winter Grazing Action Group - Expected Outcomes for Animal Welfare

This document provides guidance for animal welfare while grazing winter crops. The suggestions are not legal minimum standards or requirements – and are intended to give confidence to farmers who are already meeting or exceeding industry expectations and provide suggestions for improvement to those who still have a way to go. The sole focus of the advice below is animal welfare; however, there are also environmental responsibilities and requirements which farmers need to follow when making their winter grazing plans.

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Ministry for Primary Industries

Creating a winter grazing plan

Use this guide to create your own paddock specific winter grazing plan

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Thriving Southland

Good management practice for winter grazing podcast

Podcast - Ross Monaghan, Soil Scientist at AgResearch, discusses taking care of stock, soils and water in winter grazing scenarios

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Beef and Lamb New Zealand

Winter Feed Crops: Management During Grazing

This fact sheet focuses on good management practices. It is essential to consider how to reduce nutrient and contaminant losses to streams and waterways as well as minimising damage to soils and paddocks. 

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Beef and Lamb New Zealand

Strategic grazing of winter crops

Video - West Otago farmer, Simon O'Meara speaks about strategic grazing of winter crops to help reduce sediment and nutrient loss into waterways.

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Beef and Lamb New Zealand

Reducing surface runoff from grazed winter forage crop paddocks by strategic grazing management

Research results showing the effect of good critical source area management in a winter grazing scenario

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DairyNZ

Forage cropping management

https://beeflambnz.com/knowled...A full winter forage crop growing and grazing guide intended to be filled in and added to a farm environmental management plan. 

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Beef and Lamb New Zealand

Break Fed Wintering

A guide to successful crop and pasture based wintering

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PROVIDER
DairyNZ

Winter grazing/ Forage crop grazing

Good environmental outcomes require good environmental practice. Farmers are already doing some great work in the environment space, but there is still much to be done. Managing winter grazing so it has minimal impact on waterways is an area that can be addressed with some forward planning and simple management tweaks.

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PROVIDER
Beef and Lamb New Zealand

Wintering feed systems for deer

A complete deer focused wintering page including planning, designing and operating a winter feeding system. This includes crop based wintering and feed pads

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DINZ

Catch Crops

Catch Crops: A way to reduce N leaching after winter crops, with Dr Brendon Malcolm, Plant & Food Research

Podcast - Sowing a short-term crop after a winter fodder crop may reduce N leaching by 40-50%. On this Beef + Lamb New Zealand ‘Scene + Herd’ podcast, Brendon Malcolm of Plant & Food Research discusses how it works, the issues to consider and how to get the best results.

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Beef and Lamb New Zealand

Catch Cropping

A video interviewing Dylan Ditchfield who explains his experience with Catch Cropping

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Environment Southland

A guide to catch and cover crops

How can planting a catch or cover crop benefit your farm and the environment?

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Environment Southland

Winter Feed Crops: Management After Grazing

Careful management of paddocks after winter grazing can reduce damage to soil structure and loss in productivity, while reducing further environmental losses that could potentially affect water quality.|

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Beef and Lamb New Zealand

Considering a catch crop

The purpose of a catch crop is to increase annual dry matter production, to take up soil mineral and urine nitrogen and to reduce the risk of leaching or runoff.

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DairyNZ

Break Fed Wintering

A guide to successful crop and pasture based wintering

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DairyNZ

Winter grazing/ Forage crop grazing

Good environmental outcomes require good environmental practice. Farmers are already doing some great work in the environment space, but there is still much to be done. Managing winter grazing so it has minimal impact on waterways is an area that can be addressed with some forward planning and simple management tweaks.

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PROVIDER
Beef and Lamb New Zealand

Off Paddock Wintering

Wintering feed systems for deer

A complete deer focused wintering page including planning, designing and operating a winter feeding system. This includes crop based wintering and feed pads

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DINZ

Off-paddock facility selector

Find out which off-paddock facility best suits your needs...

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DairyNZ

Loose housed barn - soft bedding material

This is a fully covered facility, usually built with plastic or steel roofing. This site explains the benefits and limitations of the system, design considerations and advisor tips on how to maximise the system benefits

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DairyNZ

Loose housed barn - slatted concrete

A fully covered facility, usually with a plastic film over a frame type roof and a concrete slatted floor covering an effluent holding bunker, large enough to hold the effluent for extended periods. This site explains the benefits and limitations of the system, design considerations and advisor tips on how to maximise the system benefits

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DairyNZ

Freestall barn

These are permanent, engineered structures, in which dairy cattle are housed and provided with their daily dietary requirements and water. They may be open air, partially or fully enclosed. This site explains the benefits and limitations of the system, design considerations and advisor tips on how to maximise the system benefits

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DairyNZ

Stand off pad

A stand-off pad is a purpose built, drained loafing area where stock can be held for long periods when it is not suitable to have them on pasture. This site explains the benefits and limitations of the system, design considerations and advisor tips on how to maximise the system benefits

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DairyNZ

Permanent Feedpad

A feedpad is used for regular supplementary feeding and loafing of cattle on an area of land that is either formed with a solid foundation and/or concreted to establish a permanent facility.

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DairyNZ

Arable and Horticultural Crops

FAR - Nutrient management strategies for wheat, barley and ryegrass seeds

FAR - Foundation for Arable Research

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FAR - Foundation for Arable Research

Integrated Pest Management

Routine use of broad-spectrum insecticides can result in insecticides being applied unnecessarily, the enhanced development of insecticide resistance and the loss of beneficial insects. This in turn can lead to pest outbreaks and increased dependence on insecticides. Integrated pest management (IPM) offers an opportunity to move away from a routine broad-spectrum insecticide-based approach to pest management. 

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FAR - Foundation for Arable Research

FAR - better biodiversity on arable farms

Covers developing biodiversity plantings - planning and costs and the beneficial insects associated with the plantings.

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FAR - Foundation for Arable Research

FAR - developing a biosecurity plan for an arable farm

A farm Biosecurity Register is a great way of reducing the risk of unwanted weeds, pests and diseases arriving on your doorstep. Do you have one? Find out more!

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FAR - Foundation for Arable Research

Soil Quality on Southland Cropping Farms

This 2004 report is the product of a Sustainable Farming Fund programme and was written by staff at Crop & Food Research (now Plant & Food Research). It describes a version of the soil quality management system (SQMS) that was developed specifically for use on Southland arable and mixed cropping farms. 

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FAR - Foundation for Arable Research

Nutrient Management for Vegetable Crops in New Zealand

This book is intended to be a resource of best-practice advice to manage the nutrition of vegetable crops in New Zealand (NZ). The emphasis is firmly on practices that are scientifically defensible.

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Fertiliser Association of New Zealand

Managing soil fertility on cropping farms

Broadacre cropping is dominated by the production of cereal grains and pulses which are the staple crops for our population. As such society demands a reliable supply of high quality products. To meet these requirements while achieving an economically viable livelihood arable farmers have tended to invest in heavily mechanised high input crop production systems for which the maintenance of strong soil fertility is critical.

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Fertiliser Association of New Zealand

E-Check - the arable Greenhouse Gas Calculator

E-Check is a greenhouse gas emissions calculator which has been developed specifically for use in arable and mixed arable systems.

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FAR - Foundation for Arable Research

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