Riparian and Shelter Management

Eco-sourcing Plants for restoration projects

This QE11 factsheet provides advice for landowners with QEII covenants on how to eco-source plants for restoration projects.

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QEII

Landscaping with Native Plants

Find out more about growing native plants at your place.

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Southland Community Nursery

EnviroWalk

The EnviroWalk app is an easy to use tool that helps farmers quickly assess environmental risks across the farm. When areas for improvement are identified, the app lists actions that can be selected to form a customised action plan. Plans are saved and can be downloaded, printed and updated at any time. 

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DairyNZ

Waterway Technical Notes

A comprenhensive guide to practical approaches to waterway management

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DairyNZ

Carbon Calculator for Native Trees

This tool allows you to work out how much carbon your planted native forest is storing over a defined period of time. It also allows you to determine how many native shrubs and trees you will need to plant to off-set your carbon footprint.

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Tane's Tree Trust

Fencing Waterways

Fencing waterways protects freshwater from nutrients, effluent and sediment by excluding stock and creating a buffer between water and the land. Fencing will help to maintain and improve water quality and create a habitat for birds and freshwater species.

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DairyNZ

Planting Waterways

Using the right plants and techniques will help maximise the success of riparian planting and ensure you are getting value for money by getting it right first time.

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DairyNZ

Getting Riparian Planting right in Southland

Your step-by-step guide for successful riparian planting

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DairyNZ

A guide to riparian planting options and costs

There is an extensive range of riparian planting options available to improve waterway health and add other values, like bee food, stock shelter and landscape aesthetics. Whatever you choose, your plantings require careful consideration to improve plant survival, reduce problems in the future as plants grow and to achieve the desired outcomes.

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Environment Southland

A guide to shelter planting and costs

There is an extensive range of shelter planting options available to achieve stock shelter and increased grass or crop production, while adding other values like bee food and landscape aesthetics. Whatever you choose, your plantings require careful consideration to improve plant survival, reduce problems in the future as plants grow and to achieve the desired outcomes.

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Environment Southland

A guide to the benefits of planting willows

Willow trees are a valuable asset on the farm and to the Southland region, performing many beneficial services like erosion control, stock shelter, bee food, bird habitat and providing resources like woodchip, firewood and honey.

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Environment Southland

Creating Riparian Zones

The strip of land beside a waterway is a called the riparian zone and it is a crucial buffer between land and water. Some riparian zones are grassed, but ideally they are home to many species of plants that existed prior to land development. Effective riparian zones include plants that can deal with floods and seasonal wet and dry periods, and will improve the health of your waterways.

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Environment Southland

Riparian Plants for Southland

A guide to plant species suitable for riparian planting in Southland

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Environment Southland

Shelterbelts

Most shelterbelts in Southland serve mainly as a physical barrier to reduce wind speed and improve the local micro climate. However, shelterbelts can also provide important habitats for native insects and birds. Find out about the benefits of using native trees for your shelterbelt and see our list of recommended species.

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Southland Community Nursery

Trees that count - Otago Southland guide

Choosing and sourcing trees, and preparing your site for planting

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Trees that count

Make your native bush sing: Biodiversity protection & enhancement

Options to help manage and protect native bush areas on deer farms including planting and protecting from pests

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DINZ

Identifying weeds in riparian zones of Southland

There are some common weeds found growing along waterways in Southland. Find out what they look like and see our tips for control.

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Environment Southland

Pest animals in riparian zones

Good pest management is key to the success of your riparian planting project. Riparian zones can be great for attracting wildlife, however, they can also be a smorgasbord of tasty treats and an inviting environment for hares, rabbits and possums.

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Environment Southland

Choose the right tree for your site

Trees work well when integrated into the landscape to complement and diversify existing land uses. Tree planting needs to be well planned by considering the long-term maintenance and end-use of the trees. If on farms, then take a whole farm approach and look at your land’s potential, water resources, environmental factors and terrain.

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Canopy

EnviroWalk

The EnviroWalk app is an easy to use tool that helps farmers quickly assess environmental risks across the farm. When areas for improvement are identified, the app lists actions that can be selected to form a customised action plan. Plans are saved and can be downloaded, printed and updated at any time. 

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DairyNZ

Wetlands and Sediment Traps

Wetlands and Streams

Find out more about Southland’s wetlands and the special plant communities found within them.

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Southland Community Nursery

Wetlands

Protecting, restoring and creating wetlands on-farm can reduce nutrient losses, decrease the impact of floods and provide a valuable habitat for native plants and animals.

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DairyNZ

Making the most of wet areas on farm

A farmers' guide to restoring natural wetlands

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DairyNZ

A guide to constructed wetlands

Wetlands play an important role in improving water quality by capturing sediment and assimilating nutrients before the water flows into rivers, lakes and estuaries. They also help with water quantity by storing water to reduce flooding and maintain summer flows and soil moisture.

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Environment Southland

A guide to sediment trap construction

New Zealand has a significant erosion challenge, with more than 200 million tonnes of soil lost from the land to the sea each year. We can reduce soil loss with careful land management and by installing sediment traps temporarily when soil materials are vulnerable to erosion from activities like earth works, cultivation or when stock is on a winter crop. 

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Environment Southland

A guide to the benefits of natural wetlands

Natural wetlands have not typically been valued for the farm system, despite the benefits to water quality and biodiversity they can provide.

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Environment Southland

Wetlands

Fish and Game New Zealand along with the Royal Forest and Bird Society, the National Wetlands Trust and the Department of Conservation have been fighting hard to protect the remaining wetlands and establish new ones. This website section has useful information on the biological value of wetlands and how to establish them. You can also download these pamphlets:

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Fish and Game New Zealand

Wetland Restoration. A handbook for New Zealand freshwater systems

Wetland Restoration: A Handbook for New Zealand Freshwater Systems brings together expertise from specialists and groups actively engaged in restoring wetlands throughout the country.

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Manaaki Whenua Landcare Research

Wetlands homepage

Explanation of what a wetland is and hand books for restoring/creating wetlands

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NZ Landcare Trust

Wetlands homepage

Explanation of what a wetland is and hand books for restoring/creating wetlands

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NZ Landcare Trust

Wetlands protection under QEII trust

Learn about wetlands and their benefits to your property and the environment and how to protect them.

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QEII

Natural seepage wetlands and nitrogen losses

They may be generally disliked by farmers and thought of as troublesome ‘bogs’, but seepage wetlands have proven highly effective at preventing contaminants from reaching waterways. These so-called ‘kidneys of the land’ could serve as one useful tool in the dairy sector’s efforts to reduce nitrate leaching.

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DairyNZ

Constructed wetlands to reduce contaminant loss from pastoral farms

Key design guidelines and performance estimates for constructed wetlands

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DairyNZ

Water Quality

Waterway Technical Notes

A comprenhensive guide to practical approaches to waterway management

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DairyNZ

Bioreactor Trail: Reducing Nitrates

This is an ongoing project which aims to reduce in drain nitrate concentrations using a wood chip bioreactor. Go to this website to get updates on the project and their findings

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Living Water

Nitrogen and Phosphorus Filter Trials

Two filters were installed near the Waituna Lagoon in 2016 and were monitored for 3 years. This website explains how the trial was conducted, the potential of filters as a mitigation and the practicality of including this mitigation on farm

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Living Water

In stream sediment traps

This is an ongoing project which aims to capure sediment in lowland streams. Go to this website to get updates on the project and their findings

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Living Water

Community Based Freshwater Monitoring

Community-based freshwater monitoring engages both landowners and the public in freshwater monitoring. It is a powerful tool, linking communities with decision-makers and developing a partnership for sustainable freshwater management.

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Beef and Lamb New Zealand

Introduction to freshwater quality

Video - This introductory module will help you understand:

  • The key elements of the B+LNZ Environment Strategy.
  • Key elements of freshwater and issues.
  • Freshwater monitoring and stream health indicators.
  • Where you can go to take further action and find support.

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Beef and Lamb New Zealand

Water Quality and Limits

This is an explanation of how water quality is measured and what the results mean. Water quality is a description of the condition of the water. It includes measurements, using proven scientific methods, of physical, chemical and biological parameters.

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DairyNZ

Southland's Water Story

A specialised website looking at what Southlanders value about water, the current state of water in Southland and how we can make change

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Environment Southland

What's in our waterways?

Understanding what's in our waterways, the contaminants and where they come from is an important part of taking action to stop them impacting on our environment.

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Environment Southland

Environment Southland: Groundwater information

This site contains information to help readers understand how groundwater moves through the region. A summary of Environment Southland's water monitoring data taken from groundwater quality stations within Southland. On this site there are links to a large number of reports, data and resources.

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Environment Southland

Environment Southland: Lakes

Environment Southland has a huge amount of information and research related to the Southland estuaries. Visit this page to read more on these areas and the research that has been completed. The webpage has a number of links to research papers, resources and presentations.

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Environment Southland

Estuaries

Environment Southland has a huge amount of information and research related to the Southland estuaries. Visit this page to read more on these areas and the research that has been completed. The webpage has a number of links to research papers, resources and presentations.

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Environment Southland

Environment Southland River Values and Outcomes interactive map

Environment Southland has completed an assessment of current environmental state of waterways in Southland. This is compared to the environmental outcome that Environment Southland are aiming to achieve in order to provide for a healthy and resilient waterway.

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Environment Southland

Drystock farm menu - Practices to improve Water quality

This menu provides a range of practices for drystock farms, mainly hill country sheep, beef and deer, to improve nutrient management and reduce impacts on water quality. It is designed to help identify the best options for your individual circumstances.

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Industry bodies

Industry Agreed Good Management Practices relating to water quality

These industry-agreed good management practices relating to water quality were developed from the Canterbury Matrix of Good Management project and were first published in April 2015. While intended for use in Canterbury, they were developed to be applicable across all regions in New Zealand.

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Industry bodies

LandscapeDNA interactive maps

This interactive map allows users to identify the physiographic zone they are farming in and the key contaminant pathways in that phsyiographic zone.

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LandscapeDNA

Living Water - Whakamana Te Waituna project

Whakamana Te Waituna is a five-year, multi-partner project aimed at improving the health of Waituna Lagoon in Southland. This website gives updates on how the project is progressing. 

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Living Water

Stream Health Monitoring and Assessment Kit (SHMAK kit)

How healthy is your stream? SHMAK - the New Zealand Stream Health Monitoring and Assessment Kit - has been designed to help you find out. This website explains what the kit tests for and includes an order form for anyone interested in monitoring the water quality on their property.

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NIWA

Mitigating E. coli losses

In December 2019 we held a Masterclass on E. coli where we invited speakers to come and share their knowledge of E coli and mitigation strategies. With the help of Beef + Lamb NZ, we recorded and NZ Landcare Trust transcribed some of the talks.

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NZ Landcare Trust

Water Monitoring

Water Monitoring - it is an essential part to catchment management. It gives you a starting point, helps you to plan, and continued monitoring can show you what improvements have been made. This page gives insight into options for monitoring water in your catchment

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NZ Landcare Trust

Nutrient Management on your dairy farm

A farmer’s guide to understanding how nitrogen and phosphorus enter, cycle through and leave your dairy farm

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DairyNZ

Identifying Contaminants

There are many options available to improve the health of our waterways. This page will help you understand the actions you can take.

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DairyNZ

Wai Tuwhera o te Taiao – Open Waters Aotearoa | EPA

Wai Tuwhera o te Taiao is a community science programme run by the Environmental Protection Authority. We provide environmental DNA testing kits and resources to community groups, iwi, hapū, schools and kura. This year we received Unlocking Curious Minds funding which enables us to offer up to 1000 eDNA kits to participants to support them to restore, monitor, and explore their waterways.

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Environmental Protection Authority

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